First, a script that simulate data streaming. It rewrites the table every p second. Here we set it to 1.

library(config)
library(DBI)
library(dplyr)
library(purrr)
library(tryCatchLog)

db <- config::get(config = "some-mysql")

# local Docker container
conn <- dbConnect(
    drv = RMySQL::MySQL(),
    username = db$username,
    password = db$password,
    host = db$host,
    port = db$port,
    dbname = db$dbname
)

stopifnot(DBI::dbRemoveTable(conn, "int_stream"))

generate <- function() {
    data.frame(ind  = LETTERS,
               int = round(rnorm(
                   length(LETTERS), mean = 10, sd = 2
               )))
}

insert_to_db <- function(p = 1) {
    stopifnot(dbWriteTable(conn, "int_stream", generate(), overwrite = TRUE))
    message(paste("Success:", Sys.time()))
    Sys.sleep(p)
}
replicate(60, insert_to_db())

DBI::dbDisconnect(conn)

Here we create a Shiny app. It consists of a reactive object that schedules to be invalid after a given time and then auto updates itself.

library(shiny)
library(dplyr)
library(ggplot2)
library(pool)
library(config)

# Setup ----

db <- config::get(config = "some-mysql")

# pooling object 
pool <- dbPool(
    drv = RMySQL::MySQL(),
    username = db$username,
    password = db$password,
    host = db$host,
    port = db$port,
    dbname = db$dbname
)

# close connection upon shutting down app
onStop(function() {
    poolClose(pool)
})

# App ----

ui <- fluidPage(
    column(4, tableOutput("tbl")),
    column(8, plotOutput("plot", width = "100%", height = "800px"))
)

server <- function(input, output, session) {
    tbl_data <- reactive({
        # in miliseconds
        invalidateLater(1000)
        pool %>% 
            tbl("int_stream") %>% 
            group_by(group) %>% 
            summarise(max = max(int, na.rm = TRUE)) %>% 
            collect()
    })
    
    output$tbl <- renderTable({
        tbl_data()
    })
    
    output$plot <- renderPlot({
        tbl_data() %>% 
            ggplot(aes(group, max)) +
            geom_bar(stat = "identity") + 
            theme_bw()
    })
}

shinyApp(ui, server)